Pre-diabetes is a potentially severe condition that can develop into diabetes if not treated on time. In this stage, blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Insulin dysfunction in the body causes a build-up of glucose in the bloodstream, leading to harmful effects over time. The blood sugar range for pre-diabetes is typically between 100-125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), and about 10-23% of people go on to develop type 2 diabetes within five years if left untreated.
Since diabetes usually develops gradually, there may not be noticeable symptoms during the pre-diabetes stage. However, some possible pre-diabetes symptoms include thirstiness, frequent urination, blurry vision, extreme fatigue, increased hunger, and unexpected weight loss.
Obesity, hereditary factors, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, high triglyceride levels, and inactivity are common risk factors that can lead to pre-diabetes. Lifestyle factors like high levels of stress, smoking, drinking too much alcohol, and consuming sugary drinks regularly can also increase the risk of pre-diabetes.
To diagnose pre-diabetes, doctors prescribe a fasting blood sugar test or an A1C blood test. These tests give a blood sugar level chart for pre-diabetes, which helps determine whether one has pre-diabetes, diabetes, or normal blood glucose levels. Pre-diabetes is reversible and can be prevented through various treatments like eating healthy, losing weight, and exercising regularly.
Blood glucose monitors can help you track your blood sugar level and control pre-diabetes, making it easier to stay healthy. A certified dietician or diabetes educator can create a food plan that considers your preferences and includes foods that are good for your blood glucose level. The aim is to keep your glucose level in the normal range, and if you're overweight, losing weight can delay or prevent diabetes. Exercise is also a primary recommendation for people diagnosed with pre-diabetes, as it helps reduce blood glucose levels, increases insulin sensitivity, and promotes heart health, weight loss, and better sleep.
By following these treatments, you can effectively prevent and control pre-diabetes, leading to a healthier lifestyle.Diabetes test machines can assist in keeping track of your progress, and with proper care, you can avoid more severe health issues like type 2 diabetes, kidney problems, heart issues, and eye problems. Remember, prevention is better than cure, and it's never too late to start taking care of your health!